Benzodiazepines are a classic treatment for cases of acute insomnia (i.e., insomnia of short duration that did not exceeds a couple of months). Benzodiazepines act by binding to the receptors of a chemical messenger (or neurotransmitter) in the brain called GABA. Neurotransmitters travel between nerve cells to conduct signals within the brain. By binding to GABA’s receptors, benzodiazepines improve sleep-related problems by shortening the time spent in bed before falling asleep, prolonging the sleep time, and, in general, reducing wakefulness. Their use beyond 2 to 4 weeks is not recommended due to the risk of dependence. It is preferred that benzodiazepines be taken intermittently and at the lowest effective dose.
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It is recommended that all individuals see a Family Doctor for a full medical examination annually. Adults should get their blood pressure checked (US Preventive Task Force), a flu vaccine (CDC) and more each year.